Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry which is involved in removing imperfections in the teeth. Sometimes due to poor oral hygiene habits or even otherwise, teeth need to be corrected. At times braces are recommended for children and even for adults to align teeth which are misaligned or improperly arranged.

For this the purpose of placing braces, a few teeth need to be extracted out also. This is to make space for the teeth which are jutting out or for making the improperly arranged teeth come into place. For the record, orthodontics constitutes treating and controlling various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) and the shape and development of the jaw. An orthodontic specialist is called an orthodontist. Earlier orthodontics was called orthodontia – the word comes from the Greek word orthos which mean straight, perfect or proper and don’ts which mean teeth.

Orthodontics, for that matter, also is inclusive of cosmetic dentistry when the patient’s prime objective is to better his or her facial looks. An orthodontist makes use of a full spectrum of aids to for this purpose. These include headgear, plates, braces et al. These can be used for the following purposes:

Closing wide gaps between teeth; making sure the tips of the teeth are properly aligned; straightening crooked teeth; to better the speech or eating functions of a person; to better the long-term health of hums and teeth; to prevent long-term wear and tear of the teeth and gums; and also to treat an improper bite.

What is malocclusion?

Speaking, this means bad bite. It is a fact that some children’s jaws and teeth are not developed properly. This malaise refers to crooked, misaligned teeth and a fault in the relation between the bottom and top set of teeth. This also may develop because of injury or even due to the certain placement of facial bones, frequent thumb sucking and even other reasons.

Thumb sucking or finger sucking can cause localized deformation of teeth and the bone which supports it. To be able to restore teeth, this habit has to be kicked. Malocclusions do not have much of a bearing on the physical health of a person. Nonetheless, it can have an effect on the shape of a person’s face and in the manner in which the teeth appear to the outside world. Due to these reasons, a person may even feel embarrassed or socially not very confident in talking and interacting with others.

Orthodontic treatment may be needed if a person has his or her front teeth protruding, or there is crowding of the teeth or teeth which have been impacted by the use of a lot of gum chewing or even if the teeth are asymmetrically arranged. Other conditions also include deep bite or overbite when the teeth are clenched; reverse bite when the upper teeth bite inside the lower ones; when it is an open bite or even crossbite conditions.

For details contact: Westchester Smile Design, 984 North Broadway, Ste 410 Yonkers, NY 10701. Call : (914) 215-7337.